The women of  Africa

Millenium Development Goals Kenya

Millennium Development Goals and post-2015 Development
Kenya: vision beyond 2015

June 20th, 2013
Having incorporated the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) into a longer-term national policy framework called Vision 2030, Kenya is perhaps better prepared than many African countries to make a seamless transition into the post-2015 era.
From an African perspective, the document Surviving the First Day: State of the World’s Mothers 2013, which was recently published by the NGO Save the Children, makes for grim reading.1 Of the 176 countries included in this annual survey, the top 10 worst countries for a woman to give birth in 2013 are now all located in sub-Saharan Africa, which has a regional median ranking of 147.1 Although not among the “top 10”, Kenya currently ranks 156th on the list. It also has a newborn mortality rate of 27 per 1,000 live births, which compares poorly with figure of 3 per 1,000 live births in industrialized countries.¹

In other areas, Kenya has made undeniable advances. For example, the country is considered to be on track to meet MDG 3 which concerns the promotion of gender equity and the empowerment of women.²


On another positive note, along with Niger and South Africa, Kenya is one of only 3 African countries taking an active role in the Post-MDGs Contact Group.³ Other participants include representatives from several NGOs and the governments of China, Colombia, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Republic of Korea, UK, and USA.


The Post-MDGs Contact Group is currently holding a series of discussions aimed at developing a new framework to guide the global development agenda after the fast-approaching 2015 deadline for attainment the MDGs.


The Kenyan government has had the foresight to incorporate their own implementation of the MDGs into a longer-term national policy framework called Vision 2030.2,4 This was initiated in 2008, and is being introduced in a series of 5-year medium-term plans, projecting 15 years beyond the target date of the MDGs themselves.⁴


Vision 2030 is structured as 3 pillars: the economic pillar (incorporating MDGs 1, 3, and 8), the social pillar (incorporating MDGs 2 and 4–7), and the political pillar (incorporating the United Nations Millennium Declaration V, which concerns human rights, democracy and good governance).⁴′⁵


Lessons learned during the first Vision 2030 5-year period have been incorporated into the second medium-term plan which will run from 2013 to 2017.³⁴


With the Vision 2030 framework in place to accommodate decisions that discussion groups including the Post-MDGs Contact Group will promote, and a plan already underway bridging the pre- and post-2015 eras, Kenya is perhaps better placed than many countries to make a seamless transition to the next level of global development.

1. Save the Children. Surviving the First Day: State of the World’s Mothers 2013.
2. Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030. Kenya’s MDGs status report to date.
3. Post-2015 development agenda in focus. Planning Bulletin: the Official Newsletter of the Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030. 2013;8:16.
4. Vision 2030. [Accessed 7 May 2013].
5. United Nations Millennium Declaration.

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