Energy consumption is often the single most important factor in determining a product’s lifecycle environmental impact. By improving the energy efficiency of a product, we can reduce its energy consumption and carbon footprint.
Products are made using a range of substances, some of which may have an impact on people’s health or the environment. By minimizing or eliminating the use of hazardous substances, we can reduce our products’ health and/or environmental impact.
Material, weight and volume reduction, along with smart material choices (e.g. from recycled and/or certified renewable sources, 100% recyclable, easily separable), helps minimize resource consumption and environmental impact over the life cycle of the packaging. At the same time, designing packaging to be reusable, recyclable or compostable also ensures it is circular economy-ready.
Circularity refers to the potential of a system, product or component to contribute to the circular economy. It is calculated by assessing environmental performance over multiple life cycles, taking into account, for example, the recovery of materials and their reuse in new products. Upgrading, serviceability, refurbishment, spare parts harvesting, increased recycled content and recyclability, weight reduction, selection of more sustainable materials – these all help to reduce resource consumption. Circularity also includes product lifetime; longer lifetime reduces the resource consumption and transportation emissions associated with the introduction of new products.